Research Papers

For a complete list of Dr. Krubitzer’s publications, see her Curriculum Vitae

Breese C, Cooke DF, Goldring AB, Baldwin MKL, Pineda C Krubitzer L (2024) Reversible deactivation of motor cortex reveals that anterior and posterior parietal cortex are differentially dependent on motor cortex for the generation of movement in macaque monkeys. Journal of Neurophysiology. 131(1):106-123

James SS, Englund M, Bottom R, Perez R, Connor KE, Huffman KJ, Wilson SP, Krubitzer LA (2022) Comparing the development of cortex-wide gene expression patterns between two species in a common reference frame. PNAS. 119(41). PMID: 36201538.

Halley AC, Baldwin MKL, Cooke D, Englund M, Hafezi M, Hystad J, Pineda C, Schmidt T, Yartsev, M, Krubitzer L. (2022). Coevolution of motor cortex and behavioral specialization associated with flight and echolocation in bats. Current Biology 32(13): 2935-2941.          PMID: 35617952.

Goldring AB, Cooke DF, Pineda C, Recanzone GH, Krubitzer LA (2022). Functional characterization of the fronto-parietal reaching and grasping network:  Reversible deactivation of M1, areas 2,5 and 7b in awake behaving monkeys.  J Neurophysiol.  127(5):1363-1387. PMID: 35417261.

Ramamurthy DL, Dodson HK, Krubitzer LA (2021) Developmental plasticity of texture discrimination following early vision loss in the marsupial Monodelphis domestica.  J Exp Biol. 224(9): jeb236646. PMCID: PMC8181249.

Englund M, Faridjoo S, Iyer CS, Krubitzer L (2021) Kinematic analysis of sensorimotor behavior during variable ladder rung walking in short-tailed opossums (Monodelphis domestica). STAR Protoc. 2(2):100421. PMID: 33870226

James SS, Krubitzer LA, Wilson SP (2020) Modelling the emergence of whisker barrels. eLife 2020; 9:e55588.PubMed PMID: 32988453.

Englund M, Faridjoo S, Iyer CS, Krubitzer LA. (2020) Available sensory input determines motor performance and strategy in early blind and sighted short-tailed opossums. iScience. 23(9):101527. PMID: 33083758.

Halley A, Baldwin M, Cooke D, Englund M, Krubitzer L (2020) Distributed motor control of limb movements in rat motor and somatosensory cortex: The sensorimotor amalgam
revisited. Cereb Cortex. 30(12):6296-6312. PMID: 32691053.

Bottom RT, Krubitzer LA, Huffman KJ (2020) Early postnatal gene expression in the developing neocortex of prairie voles (Microtus ochrogaster) is related to parental rearing style.  J Comp Neurol. 528(17):3008-3022. PMID: 31930725

Wilson SP, James SS, Whiteley DJ and Krubitzer LA (2019)  Limit cycle dynamics can guide the evolution of gene regulatory networks towards point attractors.  Sci Rep 9 (1):16750. PMID: 31727996

Mayer A, Baldwin MKL, Cooke DF, Lima BR, Padberg J, Lewenfus G, Franca JG, Krubitzer L (2019) The multiple representations of complex digit movements in primary motor cortex form the building blocks for complex grip types in capuchin monkeys. J Neurosci. 39(34): 6684-6695. PMID: 31235643.

Dooley JC and Krubitzer LA (2019). Alterations in cortical and thalamic connections of somatosensory cortex following early loss of vision. J Comp Neurol. 527(10):1675-1688. PMID: 30444542.

Padberg J, Cooke DF, Cerkevich CM, Kaas JH and Krubitzer L (2019) Cortical connections of area 2 and posterior parietal area 5 in macaque monkeys. J Comp Neurol. 527(3):718-737. PMID: 29663384.

Lutz ND, Lemes E, Krubitzer L, Collin SP, Haverkamp S, Peichl L (2018) The rod signaling pathway in marsupial retinae. PLoS One. 13(8). PMID: 30157204.

Ramamurthy DL, Krubitzer LA (2018) Neural coding of whisker-mediated touch in primary somatosensory cortex is altered following early blindness. J Neurosci. 38(27):6172-6189. PMID: 29807911.

Baldwin MKL and Krubitzer L (2018) Architectonic characteristics of the visual thalamus and superior colliculus in titi monkeys. J Comp Neurol. 526(11): 1760-1776PMID: 29658111.

Baldwin MKL, Cooke DF, Goldring AB, Krubitzer L (2018) Representations of Fine Digit Movements in Posterior and Anterior Parietal Cortex Revealed Using Long-Train Intracortical Microstimulation in Macaque Monkeys. Cerebral Cortex. 28(12):4244-4263. PMID: 29136133

Dooley JC, Donaldson MS, Krubitzer LA (2017) Cortical plasticity following stripe rearing in the marsupial Monodelphis domestica: Neural response properties of V1. J Neurophys. 117(2): 566-581. PMID: 5288476.

Baldwin MK, Cooke DF, Krubitzer L (2017) Intracortical Microstimulation Maps of Motor, Somatosensory, and Posterior Parietal Cortex in Tree Shrews (Tupaia belangeri) Reveal Complex Movement Representations. Cereb Cortex. 27(2): 1439-1456. PMID: 26759478.

Seelke AM, Yuan S-M, Perkeybile A, Krubitzer L, Bales K (2016) Early experiences can alter the size of cortical fields in prairie voles (Microtus orgaster). Environmental Epigenetics 2(3). PMID: 27818789.

Ramamurthy DL, Krubitzer LA (2016). The evolution of whisker-mediated somatosensation in mammals: sensory processing in barrelless S1 cortex of a marsupial, Monodelphis domestica. J Comp Neurol. 524(17): 3587-3613. PMID: 27098555.

Seelke AM, Perkeybile A, Bales K, Krubitzer L (2016) Individual differences in cortical connections of somatosensory cortex are associated with parental rearing style in prairie voles (Microtus ochrogaster). J Comp Neurol. 524(3):564-77. PMID: 26101098

Chong SP, Merkle CW, Cooke DF, Zhang T, Radhakrishnan H, Krubitzer L, and Srinivasan VJ (2015). Noninvasive, in vivo imaging of subcortical mouse brain regions with 1.7um Optical Coherence Tomography. Opt Lett. 40(21): 4911-4914. PMID: 26512481.

Cooke DF, Stepniewska I, Miller DJ, Kaas JH, Krubitzer L (2015) Reversible deactivation of motor cortex reveals functional connectivity with posterior parietal cortex in prosimian galago (Otolemur garnetti)J. Neuroscience. 35(42):14406-22. PMID: 26490876.

Dooley JC, Franca JG, Seelke AMH, Cooke DF and Krubitzer LA (2015) Evolution of mammalian sensorimotor cortex: thalamic projections to parietal cortical areas in Monodelphis domesticaFront Neuroanat. 8:163. PMCID: PMC4286717.

Cooke DF, Goldring AB, Baldwin MKL, Recanzone GH, Chen A, Pan T, Simon SI, and Krubitzer L (2014) Reversible deactivation of higher order posterior parietal areas I: Alterations of receptive field characteristics in early stages of neocortical processing.  J Neurophysiol. 112: 2529-2544. PMCID: PMC4233270.

Goldring AB, Cooke DF, Baldwin MKL, Recanzone GH, Gordon AG, Pan T, Simon SI, and Krubitzer L (2014) Reversible deactivation of higher order posterior parietal areas II: Alterations in response properties of neurons in areas 1 and 2J Neurophsiol. 112: 2545-2560. PMCID: PMC4233279.

Seelke AMH, Dooley JC, and Krubitzer LA (2014) Photic preferences of the short-tailed opossum (Monodelphis domestica).Neuroscience. 269:273-280. PMCID: PMC4020983

Seelke AM, Dooley JC, and Krubitzer L (2014) The cellular composition of the marsupial neocortexJ Comp Neurol. 522:2286-2298. PMCID: PMC4090354

Dooley JC, Franca JG, Seelke AM, Cooke DF, Krubitzer LA (2013) A Connection to the Past: Monodelphis domestica Provides Insight Into the Organization and Connectivity of the Brains of Early Mammals. J Comp Neurol; 521:3877-3897. PMCID: PMC3959876

Seelke AM, Dooley JC, and Krubitzer LA (2013) Differential changes in the cellular composition of the developing marsupial brainJ Comp Neurol. 521:2602-2620. PMCID: PMC3934569

Dooley JC, Nguyen HM, Seelke AM, and Krubitzer L (2012) Visual acuity in the short-tailed opossum (Monodelphis domestica).Neuroscience. 223:124-130. PMCID: PMC3708803

Seelke AM, Dooley JC, and Krubitzer LA (2012) The emergence of somatotopic maps of the body in S1 in rats: the correspondence between functional and anatomical representation. PLoS One; 7(2): e32322. PMCID: PMC3290658

Cooke DF, Goldring AB, Yamayoshi I, Tsourkas P, Recanozone GH, Tiriac A, Pan T, Simon SI, and Krubitzer, L (2012). Fabrication of an inexpensive, implantable cooling device for reversible brain deactivation in animals ranging from rodents to primates. J Neurophysiol. 107:3543-3548. PMCID: PMC3378414

Seelke AM, Padberg JJ, Disbrow E, Purnell SM, Recanzone G, and Krubitzer L (2012) Topographic maps within Brodmann’s area 5 of macaque monkeysCereb Cortex 22:1834-1850. PMCID: PMC3388892

Cooke DF, Padberg J, Zahner T, and Krubitzer L (2012) The functional organization and cortical connections of motor cortex in squirrels.Cereb Cortex. 22:1959-1978. PMCID: PMC3412438

Campi KL, Collins CE, Todd WD, Kaas J, and Krubitzer L (2011) Comparison of Area 17 cellular composition in laboratory and wild-caught rats including diurnal and nocturnal species.Brain, Behav Evol. 77:116-130. PMCID: PMC3094678

Wang WZ, Oeschger FM, Montiel JF, Garcia-Moreno F, Hoerder-Suabedissen A, Krubitzer L, Ek CJ, Saunders NR, Reim K, Villalon A, and Molnar Z (2011) Comparative aspects of subplate zone studied with gene expression in sauropsids and mammalsCereb Cortex. 21:2187-2203. PMID: 21368089

Krubitzer L, Campi KL, Cooke DF (2011) All rodents are not the same: a modern synthesis of cortical organization. Brain Behav Evol. 78(1):51-93. PMID: 21701141

Evans KD, Hewett TA, Clayton CJ, Krubitzer LA, and Griffey SM. (2010) Normal Organ Weights, Serum Chemistry, Hematology, and Cecal and Nasopharyngeal Bacterial Cultures in the Gray Short-Tailed Opossum (Monodelphis domestica)J Am Assoc Lab Anim Sci. 49:401-6. PMCID: PMC2919177

Padberg J, Recanzone G, Engle J, Cooke D, Goldring A, and Krubitzer, L (2010) Lesions in posterior parietal area 5 result in rapid behavioral and cortical plasticityJ Neurosci. 30:12918-12935. PMCID: PMC3432266

Campi KL and Krubitzer L (2010) Comparative studies of diurnal and nocturnal rodents: differences in lifestyle result in alterations in cortical field size and numberJ Comp Neurol. 518:4491-4512. PMCID: PMC3432265

Zumer JM, Nagarajan SS, Krubitzer LA, Zhu Z, Turner RS, and Disbrow EA (2010) MEG in the macaque monkey and human: distinguishing cortical fields in space and timeBrain Res. 1345:110-124. PMCID: PMC2899153

Cheung AF, Kondo S, Abdel-Mannan O, Chodroff RA, Sirey TM, Bluy LE, Webber N, Karlen SJ, Krubitzer L, Stolp HB, Saunders NR, and Molnar Z (2010) The subventricular zone is the developmental milestone of a 6-layered neocortex: Comparisons in methatherian and eutherian mammalsCereb Cortex 20:1071-1081. PMID: 19726493

Campi KL, Bales KL, Grunewald R, and Krubitzer, L (2010) Connections of Auditory Cortex in the Prairie Vole (Microtus ochrogaster): Evidence for multisensory processing in primary sensory areasCereb Cortex 20:89-108. PMCID: PMC2792189

Larsen DD, Luu JD, Burns ME, and Krubitzer L (2009) What are the effects of severe visual impairment on the cortical organization and connectivity of primary visual cortex? Front Neuroanat. 3:30. PMCID: PMC2802552

Hinkley LB, Krubitzer LA, Padberg J, and Disbrow EA (2009) Visual-manual exploration and posterior parietal cortex in humansJ Neurophysiol 102:3433-3446. PMCID: PMC2804435

Padberg J, Cerkevich C, Engle J, Rajan AT, Recanzone G, Kaas J, and Krubitzer L (2009) Thalamocortical connections of parietal somatosensory cortical fields in macaque monkeys are highly divergent and convergentCereb Cortex 19:2038-2064. PMCID: PMC2722424

Zhu Z, Zumer JM, Lowenthal ME, Padberg J, Recanzone GH, Krubitzer LA, Nagarajan SS, and Disbrow EA (2009) The relationship between magnetic and electrophysiological responses to complex tactile stimuliBMC Neurosci. 10:4. PMCID: PMC2652466

Karlen SJ and Krubitzer L (2009) Effects of bilateral enucleation on the size of visual and non-visual areas of the brainCereb Cortex19:1360-1371. PMCID: PMC2677651

Padberg J, Franc JG, Cooke DF, Soares JG, Rosa MG, Fiorani M Jr, Gattass R, Krubitzer L (2007) Parallel evolution of cortical areas involved in skilled hand useJ Neurosci. 27:10106-10115. PMID: 17881517

Campi KL, Karlen SJ, Bales KL, and Krubitzer L (2007) Organization of sensory neocortex in prairie voles (Microtus ochrogaster)J Comp Neurol. 502:414-426. PMID: 17366609

Hinkley L, Krubitzer L, Nagarajan SS, and Disbrow EA (2007) Sensorimotor Integration in S2, PV, and parietal rostroventral areas of the human Sylvian fissureJ Neurophysiol. 97:1288-1297. PMCID: PMC4060608

Karlen SJ and Krubitzer L (2006) Phenotypic diversity is the cornerstone of evolution: Variability in cortical field size within a species. J Comp Neurol. 499:990-999. PMID: 17072834

Karlen SJ, Kahn DM, and Krubitzer L (2006) Early blindness results in abnormal corticocortical and thalamocortical connections.Neuroscience. 142:843-858. PMID: 16934941

Padberg J and Krubitzer L (2006) Thalamocortical connections of anterior and posterior parietal cortical areas in New World titi monkeysJ Comp Neurol. 497:416-435. PMID: 16736469

Hunt DL, Yamoah EN, and Krubitzer L (2006) Multisensory plasticity in congenitally deaf mice: How are cortical areas functionally specified? Neuroscience. 139:1507-1524. PMID: 16529873

Hunt DL, King B, Kahn DM, Yamoah EN, Shull GE, and Krubitzer L (2005) Aberrant retinal projections in congenitally deaf mice: How are phenotypic characteristics specified in development and evolutionAnat Rec A Discov Mol Cell Evol Biol. 287:1051-1066. PMID: 16200647

Padberg, J, Disbrow, E, and Krubitzer, L (2005) The organization and connections of anterior and posterior parietal cortex in Titi monkeys:  Do New World Monkeys have an area 2? Cereb Cortex. 15:1938-1963. PMID: 15758196

Krubitzer L, Huffman KJ, Disbrow E, and Recanzone G (2004) The organization of area 3a in macaque monkeys: Contributions to the cortical phenotypeJ Comp Neurol. 471:97-111. PMID: 14983479

Disbrow E, Litinas E, Recanzone GH, Padberg J, and Krubitzer L (2003) Cortical connections of the parietal ventral area and the second somatosensory area in macaque monkeysJ Comp Neurol. 462:382-399. PMID: 12811808

Kahn DM and Krubitzer L (2002) Massive cross-modal cortical plasticity and the emergence of a new cortical field in developmentally blind mammalsProc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 99:11429-11434. PMCID: PMC123273

Disbrow E, Litinas E, Recanzone GH, Slutsky D, and Krubitzer LA (2002) Thalamocortical connections of the parietal ventral area (PV) and the second somatosensory area (S2) in macaque monkeysThalamus Relat Syst. 1:289-302

Kahn DM and Krubitzer L (2002) Retinofugal projections in the short-tailed opossum (Monodelphis domestica)J Comp Neurol. 447:114-127. PMID: 11977115

Huffman KJ and Krubitzer L (2001) Area 3a: Topographic organization and connections in marmoset monkeysCereb Cortex. 11:849-867. PMID: 11532890

Huffman KJ and Krubitzer L (2001) Thalamo-cortical connections of areas 3a and M1 in marmoset monkeysJ Comp Neurol. 435:291-310. PMID: 11406813

Disbrow E, Roberts T, Poeppel D, and Krubitzer L (2001) Evidence for interhemispheric processing of inputs from the hands in the human second somatosensory and parietal ventral areasJ Neurophsiol. 85:2236-2244. PMID: 11353038

Kahn DM, Huffman KJ, and Krubitzer L (2000) Organization and connections of V1 in Monodelphis domesticaJ Comp Neurol. 428:337-354. PMID: 11064371

Disbrow EA, Slutsky DA, Roberts TP, and Krubitzer LA (2000) Functional MRI at 1.5 tesla: A comparison of the blood oxygenation level dependent signal and electrophysiologyProc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 97:9718-9723. PMCID: PMC16931

Slutsky DA, Manger PR, and Krubitzer L (2000) Multiple somatosensory areas in the anterior parietal cortex of the California ground squirrel (Spermophilus beecheyii)J Comp Neurol. 416:521-539. PMID: 10660882

Disbrow E, Krubitzer L, and Roberts T (2000) Somatotopic organization of the lateral sulcus areas in Homo Sapiens: Evidence for SII and PVJ Comp Neurol. 418:1-21. PMID: 10701752

Huffman KJ, Molnár Z, Van Dellen A, Kahn D, Blakemore C, and Krubitzer L (1999) Formation of cortical fields on a reduced cortical sheetJ Neurosci. 19:9939-9952. PMID: 10559402

Disbrow E, Roberts T, Slutsky D, and Krubitzer L (1999) The use of fMRI for determining the topographic organization of cortical fields in human and nonhuman primatesBrain Res. 829:167-173. PMID: 10350543

Rosa MGP, Krubitzer LA, Molnar Z, and Nelson JE (1999) Organization of visual cortex in the northern quoll, Dasyurus hallucautus: Evidence for a homologue of the second visual area in marsupialsEur J Neurosci. 11:907-915. PMID: 10103084

Huffman KJ, Nelson J, Clarey J, and Krubitzer L (1999)  Organization of somatosensory cortex in three species of marsupials, Dasyurus hallucatus, Dactylopsila trivirgata, and Monodelphis domestica: neural correlates of morphological specializationsJ Comp Neurol. 403:5-32. PMID: 10075440

Rosa MG, Krubitzer LA. The evolution of visual cortex: where is V2? Trends Neurosci. 1999 Jun;22(6):242-8. PubMed PMID: 10354599.

Manger P, Sum M, Szymanski M, Ridgway SH, and Krubitzer L (1998) Modular subdivisions of dolphin anterior insular cortex: Does evolutionary history repeat itself? J Cogn Neurosci. 10:153-166. PMID: 9555104

Krubitzer L, Clarey JC, Tweedale R, and Calford MB (1998) Interhemispheric connections of somatosensory cortex in the flying fox. J Comp Neurol. 402:538-559. PMID: 9862325

Krubitzer LA, Kunzle H, and Kaas JH (1997) The organization of sensory cortex in a Madagascan insectivore, the tenrec (Echinops telfairi). J Comp Neurol. 379:399-414. PMID: 9067832

Krubitzer L, Manger P, Pettigrew JD, and Calford MB. (1995) The organization of neocortex in monotremes: In search of the prototypical plan. J Comp Neurol. 351:261-306. PMID: 7699113

Krubitzer L, Clarey J, Tweedale R, Elston G, and Calford M (1995) A redefinition of somatosensory areas in the lateral sulcus of macaque monkeys. J Neurosci. 15:3821-3839. PMID: 7751949

Krubitzer LA, Calford MB, and Schmid LM (1993) Connections of somatosensory cortex in megachiropteran bats: The evolution of cortical fields in mammals. J Comp Neurol. 327:473-506. PMID: 8440777

Krubitzer LA and Kaas JH (1993) The dorsomedial visual area (DM) of owl monkeys: Connections, myeloarchitecture, and homologies with other primates. J Comp Neurol. 334:497-528. PMID: 8408763

Rosa MGP, Schmid LM, Krubitzer LA, and Pettigrew JD (1993) Retinotopic organization of the primary visual cortex of flying foxes (Pteropus poliocephalus and Pteropus scapulatus). J Comp Neurol. 335:55-72. PMID: 8408773

Krubitzer LA and Calford MB (1992) Five topographically organized fields in the somatosensory cortex of the flying fox: microelectrode maps, myeloarchitecture, and cortical modules. J Comp Neurol. 317:1-30. PMID: 1573055

Krubitzer LA and Kaas JH (1992) The somatosensory thalamus of monkeys: Cortical connections and a redefinition of nuclei in marmosets. J Comp Neurol. 319:123-140. PMID: 1375605

Kaas JH and Krubitzer LA (1992) Area 17 lesions deactivate area MT in owl monkeys. Vis Neurosci. 9:399-407. PMID: 1390397

Kaas JH, Krubitzer LA, Chino YM, Langston AL, Polley EH, and Blair N (1990) Reorganization of retinotopic cortical maps in adult mammals after lesions of the retina. Science. 248:229-231. PMID: 2326637

Krubitzer LA and Kaas JH (1990) The organization and connections of somatosensory cortex in  marmosets. J Neurosci. 10:952-974. PMID: 2108231

Krubitzer LA and Kaas JH (1990) Cortical connections of MT in four species of primates: areal, modular, and retinotopic patterns. Vis Neurosci. 5:165-204. PMID: 2278944

Krubitzer L and Kaas J (1990) Convergence of processing channels in the extrastriate cortex of monkeys. Vis Neurosci. 5:609-613. PMID: 1707652

Krubitzer LA and Kaas JH (1989) Cortical integration of parallel pathways in the visual system of primates. Brain Res. 478:161-165. PMID: 2466529

Kaas JH, Krubitzer LA, and Johanson KL (1989) Cortical connections of areas 17 (V-I) and 18 (V-II) of squirrels. J Comp Neurol. 281:426-446. PMID: 2703555

Luethke LE, Krubitzer LA, and Kaas JH (1989) Connections of primary auditory cortex in the New World monkey, Saguinus. J Comp Neurol. 285:487-513. PMID: 2474584

Luethke LE, Krubitzer LA, and Kaas JH (1988) Cortical connections of electrophysiologically and architectonically defined subdivisions of auditory cortex in squirrels. J Comp Neurol. 268:181-203. PMID: 3360984

Krubitzer LA and Kaas JH (1988) Responsiveness and somatotopic organization of anterior parietal field 3b and adjacent cortex in newborn and infant monkeys. Somatosens Mot Res. 6:179-205. PMID: 3242345

Huerta MF, Krubitzer LA, and Kaas JH (1987) Frontal eye fields as defined by intracortical microstimulation in squirrel monkeys, owl monkeys, and macaque monkeys II: Cortical connections. J Comp Neurol. 265:332-361. PMID: 2447132

Krubitzer LA and Kaas JH (1987) Thalamic connections of three representations of the body surface in somatosensory cortex of grey squirrels. J Comp Neurol. 265:549-580. PMID: 2448348

Krubitzer LA, Sesma MA, and Kaas JH (1986) Microelectrode maps, myeloarchitecture, and cortical connections of three somatotopically organized representations of the body surface in the parietal cortex of squirrels. J Comp Neurol. 250:403-430. PMID: 3760247

Huerta MF, Krubitzer LA, and Kaas JH (1986) Frontal eye field as defined by intracortical microstimulation in squirrel monkeys, owl monkeys, and macaque monkeys: I. subcortical connections. J Comp Neurol. 253:415-439. PMID: 3793998